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Mutianyu Great Wall
 
The Mutianyu section of Great Wall is located in Huairou district, about 80 km north from downtown Beijing. It enjoys a long history and is part of the glorious culture of China. It connects Juyongguan Pass in the west and Gubeikou Great Wall in the east. The wall was first built in Northern Qi Dynasty (550 - 557). In Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644), Tan Lun and Qi Jiguang, two famous generals, rebuilt it in order to strengthen its defensive power when they guarded the strategic pass. It served as the northern protective screen, guarding the capital and imperial mausoleums for generations. The fortifications and the Great Wall here are featured by many watchtowers on overlapping mountain ranges. The wall, built with slabs of stone, is crenellated on both sides with bricks.

There are 22 watch towers distributed at close intervals along the wall. They are located not only in the main wall but also at the distinctive "branch cities". Branch cities are built on the hill ridge against the inner or outer side of the wall. They measure from several yards to dozens of yards across. In locations of strategic importance, batteries are set up to reinforce the defense capabilities. Mutianyu Great Wall truly deserves to be the archetype of the ten thousand li Great Wall. 

Besides its strategically important location and compact layout, the Mutianyu Great Wall is also famous for the breathtakingly beautiful scenery. Woods cover over ninety-six percent of the total scenic area. The wall presents different aspects of beauty in the four seasons. Flowers bloom all over the mountains in spring. Grasses dress the hillside green in summer. Trees are laden with sweet fruits in autumn, and especially in October, leaves turn red or yellow, touching the mountain tops with gold. In winter, the wall is covered by snow, making it seem more magnificent. The pine trees around Mutianyu Great Wall are well-known. There are more than 20 pines over 300 years old and about 200 pines over 100 years old.

Hikes on Mutianyu Gerat Wall
Jiankou to Multianyu Great Wall Hike
Lotus Pond to Mutianyu Great Wall Hike


 
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